But Republican Senator Rand Paul ended hopes for a quick vote when he demanded a debate in the chamber on his amendment to maintain spending caps. "Now we have Republicans hand-in-hand with Democrats offering us trillion-dollar deficits".
The Senate's approval of the budget and stopgap funding package means it will now be passed onto the House of Representatives, where lawmakers are divided along party lines and passage is uncertain. "I can't in all honesty look the other way".
The bill, which includes a far-reaching deal that increases spending limits for the next two years and raises the federal debt ceiling until March 2019, would break the cycle of government funding crises in time for what is set to be a bruising campaign for November's mid-term elections.
The most recent shutdown began on January 20 and lasted almost three days, before Democrats caved in on the immigration issue and agreed to the Republican proposal to debate it separately.
On Tuesday, Trump embraced a government shutdown if Dems would not cave on tightening immigration laws. Those previously heard in the House will need to be heard in the Senate, and vice versa. A shutdown essentially cuts the federal workforce in half, with those dubbed non-essential not allowed to work, while military and essential workers remain on the job.
The legislation doesn't address immigration, though Republican Speaker Paul Ryan said again Thursday he was determined to bring an immigration bill to the floor this year - albeit only one that has President Donald Trump's blessing.
Senators voted 71-28 to approve the deal, easily overcoming objections from Republican fiscal conservatives who say the bill marks a return to unchecked deficit spending.
The bill has the support of the White House, which has highlighted both the increase in military funding as well as infrastructure.More news: Secrecy on president's exit bad for South Africa, group says
Vice President Mike Pence's trip to the Olympics will be unaffected by a potential US government shutdown. Meanwhile it will also be challenged by House Republican fiscal conservatives who oppose any increases for non-defense spending and increases in the nation's debt and fiscal deficit.
It also extends the USA government's borrowing authority until March 2019, sparing Washington politicians hard votes on debt and deficits until after mid-term congressional elections in November.
The California congresswoman has called for the bill to include a provision shielding so-called Dreamers, young immigrants who entered the U.S. illegally as children, from deportation. "I'd love to see a shutdown if we don't get this stuff taken care of".
But the House won't vote for DACA?
"I ran for office because I was very critical of President Obama's trillion-dollar deficits", he said.
The deal passed by a Republican-controlled Congress should also finally shatter the myth that budget deficits matter to either party, since the agreement not only exceeds the limits imposed by the Congress' own 2011 Budget Control Act, but because it will also drastically increase USA public debt, which now stands at $15 trillion (€12.26 trillion).
"We're not going to get DACA as part of this", said Rep. John Yarmuth of Kentucky, the top Democrat on the Budget Committee.
He says senators will likely pass the bill, adding, "They'll be exhausted and ornery, but it's their own fault".
"You haven't convinced 60 or 52 senators that your idea is good enough to support", Tillis said.