How Europe can save the Iran nuclear deal

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On Sunday, Europeans resorted to a language closer to the rationale of bargaining with Washington over the crisis regarding the nuclear agreement with Iran, agreeing on common points between them and deferring the controversy till the time the US Congress reaches a clear American position on the nuclear deal in two months.

"Or to ask why Iran has missiles - well, why do you have missiles?"

It was with profound disappointment that the Europeans greeted Mr Trump's repudiation of the agreement last Friday. The fact that Tehran could not accept these terms and that the Trump administration is likely to enforce them increases the likelihood of the crisis escalating.

These measures have been taken in order to stop Iran from turning into a new North Korea.

Diplomats in Europe are relieved that Mr Trump has not yet technically "withdrawn" the USA from the accord.

"The worldwide community, and the European Union with it, has clearly indicated that the deal is, and will, continue to be in place".

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Another risk to the agreement is that Mr Trump has demanded stricter enforcement of the nuclear accord and new restrictions on Iran's ballistic missiles programme. "We will not continue down a path whose predictable conclusion is more violence, more terror and the very real threat of Iran's nuclear breakout".

Mr Trump has not broken the letter of the nuclear deal, but he has disrupted it enough to damage investment and trade with Iran.

President Trump refused to recertify Iran's compliance with the JCPOA on October 13, saying, "since the signing of the nuclear agreement, the regime's risky aggression has only escalated".

Caught between Washington and Tehran, the European Union 3 will struggle to find a compromise.

The EU leaders' joint statement, agreed after talks in Brussels on Thursday, "reaffirms full commitment to the Iran nuclear deal".

"And secondly, screw around with the deal that has already been made because the message is, don't make a deal with the United States, they won't keep their word", he said.

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