"Carrageenans in a lubricant is a totally new approach to prevent HPV infection in those of any age", says Einstein. And studies have shown that behaviors in the bedroom-including cunnilingus-are consistently associated with oral HPV infection.
"These viruses affect men and women".
An artist's representation of the Human Papilloma Virus. The low risk strains can cause genital warts and may not lead to cancer.
In addition, the new version of Gardasil improved protection against HPV-related cancers in the vagina, vulva, penis, anus, rectum and oropharynx - the tongue and tonsil area at the back of the throat.
More than 12,000 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer each year in the USA, and more than 4,000 of them will die of it. HPV is also linked to cancers of the vagina, vulva, penis, anus, and back of the throat, tongue and tonsils, in men and women.
In the overall study period, researchers found that around 42.5 percent of the people within this age group were infected by genital HPV.More news: Kenyans Kirui, Kiplagat win 121st Boston Marathon
When it comes to treatment options, there are two main factors at play: One is the stage of the disease, and two is the woman's desire for future fertility. Most of these went away on their own, typically without even causing symptoms, however, some HPV strains could lead to genital warts and cancer. These strains were slightly more common in men than in women.
Each year, the virus causes 30,700 cancers in men and women, according to the CDC. As part of the survey, the participants underwent a physical exam in which they swabbed their genitals, and these samples were tested for DNA from 37 different types of HPV. Despite infections being common, the CDC maintains that in most cases it does not cause disease.
More than 40 percent of the adult population studied had genital HPV in 2013 and 2014, according to the report. "By the time they're in their mid-20s, people are infected and it's too late".
Nearly two-thirds of black adults studied during this time, or 64.1 percent, were infected with genital HPV. Among adults age 18-69, non-Hispanic blacks accounted for the highest numbers of people with the infection, more than non-Hispanic whites and Hispanic men and women combined.
Experts believe that most sexually active people have HPV at some point. The CDC recommends HPV vaccinations for youth ages 11 to 12. A new report in The Lancet finds significant declines in the rate of smoking over the past 25 years. Almost a sixth of all Black adults were found to have oral HPV, while 4.3 percent Asian adults were known to be infected. In boys 13 to 17, approximately 28 percent received all three doses and 50 percent received at least one dose.
"The next step is to increase awareness of the high prevalence of high-risk genital and oral HPV in our general USA population so individuals will realize that this is a serious problem and they will get their children vaccinated in early adolescence before they become sexually active", McQuillan said.